What Does LGBTQ Stand For?
LGBTQ is more than just a time-saving abbreviation. The acronym signifies the strength and solidarity of varied but united communities fighting for the same cause: equality.
Although most people in the LGBTQ community can likely recite with minimal effort the words represented by each letter of the acronym, for some, the meaning of LGBTQ remains a head-scratcher. So, what is LGBTQ’s meaning, and what does it stand for? To understand the acronym, it’s important to understand the varied components of the LGBTQ community—how they’re similar and how they’re different.
The acronym brings together individuals who identify as being under the LGBTQ umbrella while also recognizing what sets them apart—both from one another and from everyone else. It’s both distinction and solidarity in five letters. To celebrate and to better understand those five letters, not just during Pride Month but all year long, you’ll want to take a look at the best LGBTQ books, LGBTQ movies, LGBTQ flags, and LGBTQ quotes. No matter how you identify, they’re sure to enlighten, entertain, and inspire you.
What does LGBTQ stand for?
So, let’s get right to it: What does LGBTQ stand for? As far as the alphabet is concerned, the LGBTQ meaning is straightforward. The individual letters represent:
- L: Lesbian
- G: Gay
- B: Bisexual
- T: Transgender
- Q: Queer (or Questioning)
Although gay men have been more visible in the movement and in media, and have received most of the LGBTQ attention since the 1969 Stonewall Riots, the placement of L at the beginning of the acronym is significant and intentional. It’s a gesture of appreciation for the lesbian community, which has played a large, if sometimes overshadowed, role in the push for equality. These women stood right alongside gay men when few others would, especially in the 1980s and ’90s, as AIDS was decimating the gay community. Lesbians have been among the staunchest LGBTQ activists and LGBTQ heroes.
“The letters are not a rank ordering, but it’s been a way of trying to recognize a group that faces an intersection of oppression, both of sexism and of homophobia,” says Ross Murray, senior director of the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD) Media Institute.
How did LGBTQ come to be?
The term homosexual is believed to have been coined by Hungarian journalist Karl Maria Kartbeny in the mid-19th century, but it came to be regarded as somewhat limited and even derogatory. So-called sexual orientation and sexual identity are about so much more than sex, and over time, homosexual—and especially its shortened form—fell far out of favor.
“That homosexual term was something that was used to talk about us, not us talking about ourselves,” says Murray, who cites the need for the community to distance itself from the word’s “very clinical, medicalized focus” as a determining factor in its ouster from the community’s lexicon.
Gay, a more neutral-sounding and less-loaded synonym, debuted in the Oxford English Dictionary as a slang for homosexual in 1951. By mid-decade, it had become the more socially acceptable term, for both men and women.
Meanwhile, the word lesbian, derived from the Greek island of Lesbos—whose most famous citizen, Sappho, wrote love poems to other women—became accepted as the strictly female equivalent as the feminist movement took hold in the 1970s. As gay men and women fought together for equality, it was only a matter of time before the words that described them were united as well, driving LGBTQ meaning and influence.
How has the acronym changed over time?
In the beginning, there was the word gay. It was a sort of catchall term that encompassed both men and women with same-gender sexual orientation. In the mid- to late ’80s, the short acronym LGB came into usage as an exclusive umbrella for lesbian women, gay men, and bisexual people. At the end of the following decade, “T” was added to signify the inclusion of transgender people in the LGB community, making it LGBT (and sometimes GLBT).
“There’s a lot of overlap, and [transgender people] face a lot of the same struggles,” says Murray of the T in LGBTQ. “There are differences and nuances, but that source of oppression comes from the same place.”
Over the past decade, as more people have begun to identify as “queer,” a word that once had a derogatory connotation, “Q” was added to the acronym. The designation is somewhat fluid and meant to represent people who are not heterosexual or cisgender but may not specifically identify with any of the categories represented by LGBT.
Other letters are sometimes added (such as I for Intersex, A for Asexual and Ally, and P for Pansexual). But for now, LGBTQ is the widely accepted community standard, representing one large community waving the same rainbow flag. Speaking of which, here’s how the rainbow became the symbol for LGBTQ pride.
What does the plus mean in LGBTQ+?
In addition to I, A, P, or other letters, you may have seen a plus sign at the end of the acronym: LGBTQ+ or LGBTQIA+. The plus is simultaneously inclusive and vague, meant to cover all other sexual orientations and gender identities not covered by the other letters. For example, some people identify as nonbinary or transsexual, which aren’t otherwise covered in the acronym, but are symbolically included in the plus.
Why is LGBTQ important?
LGBTQ reflects the diversity of the community. It may be a bit of a mouthful, but the acronym represents solidarity between different groups that have historically been ostracized and discriminated against because of their sexual or gender identity. It recognizes the intersectionality of the ongoing civil rights struggle, along with the overlapping interests and concerns of the various groups included in LGBTQ. “We are a big, broad, diverse community,” Murray says. “There’s something that binds us together, but we also get to celebrate the ways in which we are distinct and different from one another.”
Opposition to LGBTQ
Despite the pervasiveness of the acronym, there are people within the community who object to LGBTQ. Some argue about what should and shouldn’t be included and whether Q should stand for Questioning or Queer. To others, in trying to be as inclusive as possible, LGBTQ actually ends up excluding.
In a 2019 essay for The Atlantic, Jonathan Rauch wrote: “For me, the ugliness and unwieldiness of LGBTQ adds insult to injury. As does the fact that it is not a label that accurately describes me or any other American. It describes a coalition, yes, but not any actual person. Even as it seeks to explicitly include groups, the concatenation of initials implicitly blots out individuals.” He suggested using only the letter Q—which is “simple and inclusive and carries minimal baggage”—to represent LGBTQ meaning. As he saw it, Q could function as a blanket term to encompass the entire rainbow of sexual minorities while sidestepping microcosmic categorization.
Murray, though, sees it differently. “There is no person who is LGBTQ,” he says. “LGBTQ does describe a big, broad, diverse community, and we want to make sure we’re thinking of and naming who is included in that community. When we’re talking about people, it’s respectful to learn what’s their sexual orientation, what’s their gender identity, and then honor who they are. We want to honor the individuality while individuals come together and make up a much larger community that’s even diverse in our opinions of how we talk about ourselves.” Next, learn six ways to be an LGBTQ ally.
- Ross Murray, senior director of the GLAAD Media Institute
- The New York Times: “The Decline and Fall of the ‘H’ Word”
- The Gayly: “The history of the word ‘gay'”
- Pink News: “How has the LGBT+ acronym evolved?”
- The New York Times: “The ABCs of L.G.B.T.Q.I.A.+”
- The Atlantic: “It’s Time to Drop the ‘LGBT’ From ‘LGBTQ’”