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Crate Training 101: What Dog Trainers Need You to Know

That new puppy you just welcomed home will be a lot happier (and so will you) after crate training. Here's everything you need to know.

puppy dog In the pet marketWait for the buyer to bring it.Suchart Boonyavech/Shutterstock

Crate training isn’t optional

The number one rule of dog training is to crate train. Ask any dog trainer or behavior expert and they will recommend crate training, not only for housetraining purposes but as a general tool for a well-behaved pet. And yet, owners often disagree. “Aren’t they cruel?” “Can’t she just sleep in my bed?” “Won’t he be lonely?” The answer to all these questions is a resounding “no.”

lonely dog in cageSOMMAI/Shutterstock

Puppies aren’t little humans

Dogs are den animals; if you use the crate correctly, your puppy will come to see the crate as their den, its safe spot. It’ll go there when it is afraid or uncomfortable, or needs to take a break from a chaotic or busy house. Frequently, dogs even choose to sleep in their crate instead of elsewhere in the home because they feel safe and cozy. Check out these other common dog-training myths.

A chihuahua dog sleeping in her crateJennay Hitesman/Shutterstock

Crates offer protection

Crate training provides both pet and owner with a ton of benefits. Crates and kennels keep pets safe when no one is supervising them or when something unexpected happens. Dogs with separation anxiety, who might ordinarily destroy furniture or other property, will feel secure and—more importantly—be unable to hurt themselves or cause damage when crated. Also, crates keep pets safe during thunderstorms or on holidays like Independence Day or New Year’s Eve when noisy fireworks often result in lost and missing pets. Learn the real reason dogs freak out during thunderstorms.

Scared chihuahua in its crate.Grirk/Shutterstock

You might need a travel crate

When learning how to crate train a puppy, there a few things to remember. Start by choosing the right crate. There are a few types, and it’s important to get the best one for your lifestyle. An airline kennel—or travel crate—has solid sides with a wire mesh door, making it a good choice if you plan to travel with your pet. Crating during travel is the safest way to go, and solid side crates will protect your pet in the event of an accident. Before you commit to a new pet, make sure you know how much it really costs to own a dog.

Dog in cage. Isolated background. Happy labrador lies in an iron boxParilov/Shutterstock

Wire crates are a good home option

Wire crates are open on all sides and are a good choice if you only need a crate for your home. They usually have a slide-out bottom tray for easy cleaning and because the sides are open, allow the pet a full view of the room. Here are some more items that you should put on your new puppy shopping list.

sad dog in a cage at the poundcunaplus/Shutterstock

Get the right size

Size is important! Your dog’s crate should only be big enough for them to stand up, turn around, and lie down comfortably. For a puppy that will grow into a large dog, you can avoid buying two crates by finding one that has a divider; this will allow you to enlarge the space as your dog grows. Check out these sweet benefits of growing up with a big dog.

Sad Beagle Dog lying in cageJagodka/Shutterstock

Start slow

Now that you’ve chosen the perfect size and style crate, let’s talk about how you actually use it. First, don’t just put your dog in the crate, close the door, and walk off. That will make your pup averse to the crate, which would mean starting out on the wrong foot. Celebrity dog trainer, Nicole Ellis, recommends taking it slow. Here are more of the first things you should do to train a new puppy.

A cute dog sitting indoors next to his crate.Filip Jedraszak/Shutterstock

Make the crate a pleasant place

“If your dog doesn’t want to go in the crate right away, put a favorite treat just inside the door so that he’ll have to stick his head in the crate to get it,” recommends Ellis. She suggests making a game out of it. “Be happy and encouraging. Since we are rewarding for going in, don’t give any treats for coming out and don’t force your pup in or out. In the early stages, most dogs will back out, but don’t worry about this. Toss a treat in and lots of verbal praise ‘Good Boy!’ when he enters the crate for it. After a while, your pup will begin to enjoy this game and build up confidence.” Check out these other fun ways to become a dog’s favorite human.

Small chihuahua dog waiting behind indoor dog fence on wood flooringpadu_foto/Shutterstock

Start closing the door

Once your dog starts to get comfortable being in his crate, you can try closing the door. If he seems comfortable, leave him confined briefly—five to ten minutes, several times a day. Slowly add more time as his comfort level increases. If you are using the crate as a house-training tool, take your puppy straight outside as soon as you open the crate door so she understands that she should relieve herself outside instead of in your home. Don’t miss these other 12 things vets wish you knew about house-training a dog.

Close up of White Pekingese puppy sitting in the cage at the animal hospital/veterinary Clinic waiting for recovery from treatment and find a good home. sommart sombutwanitkul/Shutterstock

Learn how to deal with nervousness

If your dog seems nervous in the crate, sometimes covering it with a blanket or towel helps the pup calm down—just be sure your pet can’t pull the fabric into the crate and chew it. Especially when training a puppy, it’s important to keep beds and towels out of the crate. Bored puppies chew, and blankets and beds can easily be ingested, resulting in major medical issues or even surgery.

Pomeranian dogs are trapped in a cage expressing their longing for freedom Not focusNatthawat Chanapia/Shutterstock

Enjoy the benefits!

Teaching your dog to love her crate is a great first step in training her to be well-behaved and well-mannered member of the family. You can build on this new relationship with these smart ways to keep your pet happy while you’re away.

Kristi Pahr
Kristi is a freelance writer out of South Carolina, USA. She was a graduate veterinary technician with 10+ years in veterinary medicine before deciding to stay home and raise her children. Since becoming a freelancer, she's been published at several national outlets, including but not limited to Paste Magazine, Bustle, and Romper. She specializes in health and wellness, parenting, mental health, and animal care.